Nadia Giguere has a Ph.D. in Anthropology from the Université de Montréal. In her thesis, she focuses her attention on the figure of the expatriate in India and addresses the essential question of representation in postcolonial societies. Since 2012, Giguére is a Researcher at the Centre de recherche de Montréal sur les inégalités sociales, les discriminations et les pratiques alternatives de citoyenneté (CRóMIS), within the Centre de Santé et des services sociaux Jeanne-Mance (Montréal). She currently continues her work on the representations-displacement-social interactions triad, focusing on issues of immobilities and social inequalities in poor and multiethnic urban spaces.
Differential Mobilities: Looking into Transnational Networks to Understand Daily Practices
Travelling long distances and experiencing otherness may favour reflexivity among a certain type of cosmopolitan subject. But are experiences of liminality and otherness still appropriate in thinking about mobility within a multiethnic urban setting? Rather, social exclusion might be a more appropriate concept to understand mobility patterns of poor and multiethnic families. If various studies show that mobility patterns are influenced by race, class and gender, this presentation rather aims to point out that mobility patterns are also influenced by social networks, themselves dependent upon residential or migration patterns. The research conducted in Montreal with poor and multiethnic families first of all shows that some household characteristics influence the mobility patterns in and out of the neighborhood of residence, such as the socioeconomic status and the access or not to a car. In accordance with these household characteristics, some families are thus more prone to use services and resources outside the neighborhood of residence, while others seem to mostly remain in the neighborhood of residence for their daily practices. Secondly, interviews were conducted with families of the äless mobile category in order to further explore if this form of dwelling could also be due, other than to economic constraints, to a sense of rootedness in the neighborhood. Results show that if poverty of the household limits the mobility patterns, other forms of inequalities are also experienced. In fact, the availability (or not) of social networks in Montreal seems to play an important role in these mobility patterns, and can in turn be related to the presence or absence of a transnational network preceding the migration process. The research thus allows us to draw a line between residential mobility and daily mobility, with a focus on social inequalities and differential mobilities experienced by some poor and multiethnic families.